In order for your garden to please you for many years to come, it is important that you take care of it properly and on time. These are plant fertilizers, pest and disease protection, lawn aeration, plant watering, thinning of plantations, sanitary and pruning, weed control, winter shelter for plants.
Protection against pests and diseases. In some years plants can be damaged by pests and suffer from diseases to varying degrees. Therefore, our specialists know and know how to properly carry out preventive measures and apply effective methods of struggle against them.
The main thing in garden care
- The threat of plant disease becomes more real when plants are in a weakened state. Therefore, the soil should not be poor, it should be fertilized.
- Prevention is much more effective than stumps with already existing diseases and pests.
Pests mainly damage plant tissue. At the same time, they weaken the growth of shoots, reduce their winter resistance and flowering intensity. Most pests cause typical damage to plants, which can be used for diagnosis.
Pests of green plantings, first of all, include insects that suck out juices from plants, as well as leaf gnawers and pests of branches and trunks.
Leaf damage. Beetles, caterpillars, pseudo-caterpillars coarsely eat the entire leaf plate, leaving only petioles and large veins.
Listoid beetles selectively gnaw out holes on the leaf plate. Sawmakers, weevils and whiplash leaf cutters figuratively eat leaf areas.
Insect larvae and caterpillars mine the leaves and eat their inner content. From the impact of insects with a prickly-sucking mouth (bedbugs, leafblocks, aphids, whiteflies) the color of the leaves changes to pale green, yellowish-white, reddish and brown.
Leaves are twisted when settled on aphid bushes.
When plants are infected with powdery mildew, dense white plaque appears on the leaf plate.
The development of various fungal diseases on the leaves reveals dark brown stains similar to rust.
Damage to the trunk, branches, roots of the plant. Aphids and caterpillars can cause distortion and deformation of shoots. Rodents and hares gnaw at the young bark in winter. Crunchy larvae, bears and other pests damage young plant roots.
Damage to plant buds and flowers. Weevils damage buds from the inside. Bronzovki, garden crunchy, larval caterpillars eat flower petals.
In addition, plants suffer from specific for each type of pests and diseases.
Ways to control pests and diseases
Pesticides are the most effective pest control agent, but most of them are dangerous for humans. In addition, if pesticides are used regularly, pests adapt to them.
At homestead lands, pests and insects are used to protect plants from pests and insects:
Dnok (dinitroorthokreozol) – a preparation for treatment of plants during the period of bud blossoming against wintering pests (aphids, mining moths, leaflets and weevils);
Nitrafen – a preparation in the period before blossoming of kidneys against aphids, ticks, leaf beads and shields;
Rogor (phosphamide) – to fight aphids, thrips, leaf beetles, squirrels, ferns and ticks;
Celtan (dicofol) – against plant ticks.
Specific chemicals are used to fight fungal and bacterial diseases:
Bordeaux liquid (a mixture of copper sulfate and lime milk) for prophylactics and rust control of grey rot, etc. (During the period and before the buds blossom, use 3% solution, and during the growing season – 1% solution);
Calcined soda (0.5% solution) with soap added against powdery dew;
Topsin – a broad-spectrum drug to combat powdery dew, grey rot, leaf spotting, etc. (For spraying the ground part of the plant, a 0.5% solution is prepared, and for disinfecting the roots 0.2%).
Means containing these substances can be called slightly differently, but the main thing is that they have the necessary substance in the composition for this particular problem.
Since the chemical method of pest and disease control poses a certain danger to humans and the environment, it is necessary to look for other ways to protect plants. It is most reasonable to combine different methods of control – chemical, biological, agrotechnical, etc.
The biological way of protection of plants provides use of more safe preparations for the person. These include microbiological entobacterin, which affects insects, and dendrobacillin, used against leaf damaging caterpillars and larvae of dusters.
Agrotechnical method of protection. Pests and diseases appear when agricultural machinery is not observed: most often, when plantations are thickened, bushes are not cut off and old branches are not removed in time. Many pests and pathogens settle on weeds, so weeding and removal of garbage from the site are effective preventive measures. Insect-eating birds are a great help in garden pest control. Therefore, it is possible to build a bird feeder and a birdhouse in the garden.
Every plant, like every human body, has its own peculiarities. Therefore, there are no clear rules and regulations for the application of fertilizers. When applying fertilizers, the specialist is guided by the knowledge about the nature and physiology of each particular plant and its appearance.
You can give some recommendations on when to apply fertilizers. Organomineral fertilisers should be applied during periods of maximum growth of the suction roots. The first application period (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium) is in spring and early summer, during blooming and shoot growth. The second fertilizer application period (potassium, phosphorus) – summer-autumn and autumn – from the moment of ripening of fruits and the appearance of autumn flowering of leaves to their complete fall off.
In periods of summer minimum growth of suction roots it is advisable only to loosen the soil and water the trees. Fertilizing, watering and the use of growth stimulants make it possible to continue the periods of maximum growth of suction roots, to increase the intensity of their formation, and therefore – better to provide the trees with minerals and water.
Providing trees in the periods of spring and spring-summer maximum growth of suction roots with elements of ground nutrition and water promotes intensive growth of shoots, formation of leaves, early flowering, passing of all physiological processes that increase the stability and ornamentation of trees.
Supply of trees during summer-autumn and autumn maximum growth of roots with phosphorus and potassium fertilizers, as well as water increases the stability of tree species in the adverse winter period and largely determines the nature of vegetation in the next growing season.