Although the soil reserves in the dacha area seem inexhaustible to us, this is not the case. Garden plants, especially those that have been growing in the same place for many years, just need fertilisation! What is the way to saturate the soil in your garden so that from early spring to late autumn flowers will make you happy with bright colours? Mulching, nitrogen, phosphate and potassium garden fertilisers for flowers. Tips for use in this material.
Mulching the soil
It’s an important process that brings an undeniable return. Mulch covering, the role of which can be performed by various materials of organic and synthetic nature, has a number of useful functions.
During the hot summer mulch retains moisture at the roots of plants, preventing it from evaporating quickly, and this reduces the need for frequent irrigation. At the same time, the mulch prevents the reproduction and growth of weeds, not letting in sunlight, and thus maintains the purity of the flower bed. Mulch acts as a temperature regulator: in summer it helps the roots not to overheat, and in winter it protects them from freezing. Therefore, mulching of the soil for flowers is carried out in late autumn, and then renew the mulch at the arrival of spring.
Organic mulch can act as a fertilizer, gradually decomposing, it improves the structure of the soil and saturates it with microelements. After mulching, the soil does not form crust, it is always loose, which provides air access to the roots. It is noticed that such plants give more appendage roots. And finally, this simple procedure has a visual effect: the garden looks well-groomed! What is suitable for mulching flowers?
These can be inorganic materials, among which stones, gravel and pebbles are used more often to decorate flower beds. It is possible to cover the soil with non-woven material, but more often flower growers prefer organic mulch species. Organic manure can be completely overflowing with manure (in which case no additional filling is required), humus leaves, biohumus, crushed bark or old buds, sawdust, leaves, mown grass, straw, peat and even cardboard paper (shredded).
The advantages and disadvantages of different types of mulch should be taken into account. For example, grass clippings and straw can attract rodents and birds, so they need to be loosened periodically. Pour a thin layer of grass and teddle it from time to time. Do not use herbicide treated grass for this purpose.
Leaves can become soaked if the summer is rainy, which will cause fungal and bacterial diseases. The smaller the mulch, the better. Although organic matter increases the nutrient content of the soil, this mulch, unlike inorganic mulch, needs to be replaced regularly. Therefore, from time to time, check the condition of the soil to replenish the mulch, or update it if necessary.
As a rule, mulching of plants is carried out in spring.
Before doing so, the soil around the plants should be free of last year’s leaves and weeds. Then apply spring fertiliser and prepared material in a layer of 4-6 cm. In autumn, mulch is dug up with the topsoil.
Garden fertilisers for flowers
Nutrients are divided into 3 groups by importance. The main ones are nitrogen, phosphoric acid and potassium. Additional are magnesium, calcium and sulphur. The third group is iron, manganese, zinc, copper, molybdenum and boron, which are added in tiny amounts, as a rule, only in very sandy soil, in normal soil they are enough.
Complete fertilization of garden plants includes organic and mineral fertilizers. Organic fertilizers strengthen the soil, improve its chemical and physical properties. Organics is compost, over-extended manure, bird droppings, wood ash, sapropel, biohumus, etc. Manure as a fertilizer should be overridden – fresh contains a large amount of ammonia, which has a bad effect on plants.
Mineral fertilizers are usually different salts. They should be applied strictly in accordance with the recommendations on the packaging, as excess salts in the soil can be very harmful to flowers.
However, it is important to clarify the requirements of the individual plants before using any fertilisers. For example, it is not the dung compost that tastes good, but the asters can even die from the excess. The amount of fertiliser applied is individual for each plant species, but for obvious reasons, tall and large plants need more fertiliser than small plants. Find articles on flower care on the site you can use the alphabetical directory, or search box.
Do garden fertilisers differ from room fertilisers? In fact, no, except for the fact that for home flora is more appropriate to use complex fertilizers, with the prevalence of one or another element, while for fertilizing garden flowers more often apply mono-fertilizer, which satisfy the needs of plants in a certain element. This is due to the difficulty of calculating the dosage at home and the large volumes. After all, mono fertilizers are sold in large packages, and some of them can be used in dry form (per 1 cubic meter), which makes them convenient for dacha work.