John Deere X570 Problems [7 Common Issues & Fixes!]

The John Deere X570 is a popular garden tractor that has earned its reputation for reliability and performance. However, like all machines, it comes with its own set of challenges. This article aims to highlight some of the common issues faced by owners of the X570 and suggest possible solutions.

Cold Starting and EFI Systems

Starting a tractor in cold weather can often be a challenging task, and the John Deere X570 is no exception. While the tractor is equipped with an Electronic Fuel Injection (EFI) system designed to ease the cold start process, some users, particularly those who own the X590 model, have reported issues. These complaints range from delayed starts to the engine not turning over at all.

Why EFI Should Help

The EFI system is designed to manage the fuel-to-air ratio electronically, making it easier to start the tractor in various weather conditions, including cold temperatures. The system adjusts the amount of fuel injected into the combustion chamber, thereby optimizing engine performance and making cold starts generally smoother.

Why It Sometimes Doesn’t

The issues with cold starting despite having an EFI system could stem from several factors. One common cause could be poor fuel quality. Gasoline that has been stored for too long can deteriorate, leading to a less efficient burn and thus making it difficult to start the engine. Additionally, components of the EFI system itself could be faulty or misadjusted, contributing to the problem.


  1. Regular Maintenance Checks:
    • Fuel Quality: One of the simplest yet most effective steps you can take is to ensure the quality of the gasoline you are using. Fresh, high-octane fuel is generally recommended. If the tractor is not going to be used for an extended period, consider using a fuel stabilizer to maintain fuel quality.
    • Battery Check: In colder conditions, batteries can lose a significant amount of their charge. Ensuring that your battery is fully charged can aid in more effortless cold starts.
    • EFI System Inspection: If you’re familiar with mechanics, you can inspect EFI components such as fuel injectors, sensors, and related electrical connections for wear, dirt, or loose connections.
  2. Consult the Dealer for a Diagnostic Check:
    • If you’ve tried basic troubleshooting and the problem persists, it’s a good idea to take the tractor to the dealer. They can perform a detailed diagnostic check to pinpoint the issue. This could range from updating the EFI software to replacing malfunctioning components.
    • Technicians at the dealership have specialized diagnostic tools and software that can quickly and accurately identify issues that may not be apparent to the average user.

By taking these proactive measures, you can significantly reduce the risk of facing cold start issues, ensuring a smoother and more efficient operation of your John Deere X570 or X590.

Hydraulic Fluid Level

One recurring problem reported by John Deere X570 owners is that their new tractors often arrive with low levels of hydraulic fluid. This fluid is crucial for various hydraulic systems in the tractor, such as the hydraulic steering system and other attachments that may require hydraulic power. Low levels of hydraulic fluid can lead to poor performance and could potentially damage the tractor’s hydraulic systems over time.

Why It’s Important

Hydraulic fluid serves multiple essential functions:

  1. Lubrication: It lubricates the internal moving parts of the hydraulic systems, reducing wear and tear.
  2. Heat Dissipation: The fluid helps to dissipate heat generated during hydraulic operations.
  3. Power Transmission: Hydraulic fluid is necessary for the functioning of systems that require hydraulic power, facilitating movement and operation.

Potential Risks of Low Hydraulic Fluid Level

  • Reduced Efficiency: The tractor might operate less efficiently, requiring more force to steer or move attachments.
  • System Damage: Operating the tractor with insufficient hydraulic fluid can cause increased wear and tear and may even lead to hydraulic system failure.
  • Operational Hazards: In severe cases, low hydraulic fluid levels could pose safety risks, including the potential for loss of steering control.


  1. Immediate Post-Delivery Inspection:
    • Initial Check: As soon as your John Deere X570 arrives, one of the first things you should do is check the hydraulic fluid level. This can usually be done by locating the hydraulic fluid reservoir and checking the dipstick or sight glass, depending on your model.
    • Topping Off: If the fluid level is found to be low, it should be topped off immediately using the appropriate grade and type of hydraulic fluid as specified in the user manual. This is critical to prevent any initial wear and tear on new equipment.
  2. Regular Maintenance Checks:
    • Scheduled Inspections: Make it a habit to check the hydraulic fluid level regularly, ideally as part of your usual maintenance routine. This is especially important if you’re using the tractor for tasks that put heavy demands on the hydraulic system, such as lifting heavy loads or frequent steering.
    • Quality Check: Besides the level, inspect the condition of the hydraulic fluid. If it appears dirty or has a burnt smell, it may be time to replace it.
  3. Consult the Manual or Dealer:
    • Your tractor’s user manual will provide specific guidance on checking and maintaining hydraulic fluid levels.
    • If you are unsure about how to proceed, consider consulting your dealer for advice or scheduling a service appointment for a professional fluid level check and top-off.

Deck Removal

The removal of the mower deck from the John Deere X570 seems to be a sticking point for several users. Despite manufacturer guidelines that describe the process as straightforward, the task proves to be troublesome for many, particularly those who are new to garden tractors or have limited mechanical skills. The primary issue seems to lie in the J-hooks, which can be difficult both to disengage and to reengage during the removal and reattachment process.

Why It’s Crucial

Removing the mower deck is not just a one-time event; it’s something that users may need to do several times for various reasons:

  1. Seasonal Maintenance: Proper cleaning and blade sharpening often require deck removal.
  2. Repairs: Addressing issues like belt replacement or pulley problems necessitates removing the deck.
  3. Accessory Swap: You might need to remove the deck to install other accessories or attachments like snow blowers or front-end loaders.

Common Issues with J-hooks

  • Limited Accessibility: The hooks are often situated in a location that is hard to reach, making them challenging to disengage.
  • Stiff Mechanism: Over time, exposure to elements like moisture and dirt can make the J-hooks stiff and hard to manipulate.
  • Lack of Leverage: Some users find it difficult to exert enough force to disengage the hooks effectively.


  1. Jacking Up the Front End:
    • Raising the front end of the tractor can provide easier access to the J-hooks and give you better leverage. Use a reliable jack and ensure the tractor is stable before proceeding.
  2. Using Specialized Tools:
    • A hook tool, which is specifically designed to engage and disengage hooks or latches, can make the process much easier. Even a well-placed screwdriver can sometimes do the trick.
  3. Lubrication:
    • If the J-hooks are stiff or rusty, applying a penetrating lubricant can ease the process. Do this well ahead of the time you plan to remove the deck to give the lubricant time to penetrate and loosen any corrosion or grime.
  4. Practice Makes Perfect:
    • Over time, as you become more familiar with the process and the particular quirks of your tractor model, deck removal will likely become easier. Some users even develop their own techniques or shortcuts that make the process quicker and less burdensome.
  5. Consult the User Manual or Watch Tutorials:
    • Your tractor’s user manual will often contain detailed steps on deck removal. Some manufacturers or third parties also offer video tutorials that can provide useful tips.
  6. Seek Professional Help:
    • If all else fails, or if you’re not comfortable handling the deck removal yourself, it may be worth hiring a professional or taking the tractor to a dealer for service.

Power Steering and Hydraulic Lift

The John Deere X570 is a robust and reliable garden tractor, but it comes without some of the frills that can make operation more comfortable and efficient. Two such features are power steering and hydraulic lift. While the lack of these features may not significantly affect basic mowing tasks, their absence becomes noticeable during more demanding operations like snow plowing, hauling, or using other heavy-duty attachments.

Importance of Power Steering and Hydraulic Lift

  1. Ease of Operation: Power steering greatly reduces the physical effort required to maneuver the tractor, especially during tight turns or while navigating uneven terrain.
  2. Efficiency: Hydraulic lifts enable effortless raising and lowering of attachments, such as a snowplow or front loader, saving both time and manual effort.
  3. Comfort: Operating a tractor without these features for extended periods can be physically tiring, possibly leading to fatigue and discomfort.
  4. Versatility: These features expand the range of tasks you can comfortably and efficiently accomplish with your tractor.

User Feedback

  • Some users who engage in activities like snow plowing feel that the lack of power steering and hydraulic lift turns what could be an easy task into a labor-intensive ordeal.
  • Users who upgraded from the X570 to models featuring these amenities often mention how they add to operational comfort and efficiency.


  1. Upgrade to the X590:
    • The most straightforward solution is to opt for the John Deere X590, which comes with both power steering and hydraulic lift. This model offers a more comfortable and efficient experience, albeit at a higher price point.
  2. Aftermarket Add-Ons:
    • While not always recommended due to potential warranty implications and the need for professional installation, some third-party manufacturers offer kits to add power steering and hydraulic lift to tractors that lack these features.
  3. Utilize Mechanical Leverage:
    • If upgrading isn’t an option, using mechanical aids like leverage bars can somewhat ease the manual steering and lifting effort, although they won’t offer the same level of comfort as built-in features.
  4. Regular Breaks and Ergonomic Practices:
    • Taking regular breaks and using ergonomic principles can minimize the fatigue and discomfort associated with the absence of these features.
  5. Consult a Dealer for Trade-in Options:
    • Some John Deere dealers offer trade-in options where you can swap your current model for a more feature-rich one, possibly at a discounted rate.

Reverse Interruption of Operation (RIO) Safety Switch

Another feature that has divided opinions is the Reverse Interruption of Operation (RIO) safety switch, which disengages the mower blades when the tractor is put into reverse. While this feature is designed for safety, some find it cumbersome and distracting.


  1. The RIO can be bypassed, but it is essential to consider the safety implications before doing so.
  2. For those who find it irritating, some get used to it over time and no longer find it a hindrance.

Mulching Feature

In terms of mulching, users have generally been satisfied with the performance, although experiences might differ depending on the specific deck size you choose.


  1. If mulching is a priority for you, make sure to consult the dealer about your specific needs to find the most suitable deck size.
  2. Alternatively, you can opt for permanent mulch kits designed to enhance the tractor’s mulching capabilities.

Snow Plowing Attachments

For those who intend to use the X570 for snow plowing, some users have wondered about the ease of attaching a plow and whether it would be operated hydraulically.


  1. The front blade for the x590 is manual lift/angle, but you can buy an optional electric lift kit.
  2. Consult your dealer for more information on how easily these attachments can be added and what options are available for your specific model.

Final Thoughts

The John Deere X570 is a generally reliable and efficient tractor that serves its purpose well, particularly for mowing and light-duty tasks. However, like any piece of machinery, it has its quirks and issues. Knowing these in advance and taking proactive measures can ensure a more pleasant and productive experience with your tractor.